Caroline is a solicitor in our Public Law and Human Rights team. Her varied judicial review practice includes challenges to immigration detention, decisions concerning asylum support and care and support under the Care Act 2014 and Leaving Care Act 2000.
Caroline also acts for charities and NGOs challenging local government funding decisions and in public law proceedings brought on behalf of service users, in particular, challenging cuts to local authority services.
Caroline regularly advises and represents teachers, youth workers and other professionals in relation to decisions by the police and the Disclosure and Barring Service (‘DBS’) concerning disclosure of information on criminal records certificates. She also has extensive experience challenging inappropriately administered cautions, particularly on behalf of vulnerable individuals, including young people and victims of domestic violence.
Another aspect of Caroline’s practice is representing families at inquests where there are concerns that a public authority (e.g. the NHS, prisons or police) have failed to protect an individual’s life. She also acts in associated civil claims seeking damages under the Human Rights Act and in negligence for bereaved families.
In addition to her own caseload, Caroline is often involved in larger cases with the partners in the Department, Jamie Potter and John Halford. She is currently instructed with John Halford to challenge the Government’s failure to hold a public inquiry into the conduct of the 2016 EU referendum and in judicial review proceedings arising from the disenfranchisement of EU nationals in the 2019 EU Parliament elections.
Education and career
- Caroline graduated from the University of Bristol in 2006 with a first-class BSc in Politics.
- Whilst studying for her GDL (Distinction) at the University of the West of England she volunteered at Avon and Bristol Law Centre.
- She completed her LPC (Distinction) in July 2013 and was awarded a prize by the Bristol Institute of Legal Practice for her performance on the course.
- Before joining Bindmans, Caroline worked as an immigration and asylum casework assistant at a firm in West London, assisting solicitors in preparing judicial review and Court of Appeal cases.
- Before that, she worked as a legal assistant at the Immigration Advisory Service and volunteered with Student Action for Refugees.
Caroline has experience in a broad range of public law and discrimination matters and regularly advises on claims for damages under the Human Rights Act and the Equality Act.
Her current judicial review/appeals work includes:
- Representing the National Union of Journalists as an intervener in Liberty v Secretary of State for the Home Department and Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs – a judicial review challenge, now under appeal to the Court of Appeal, challenging the ‘bulk powers’ regime in the Investigatory Powers Act 2016, known as ‘the Snoopers Charter’.
- Judicial review proceedings including a claim for damages under the Human Rights Act, on behalf of a disabled asylum seeker placed in inappropriate hotel accommodation by the Home Office.
- Representing a foreign government department as respondent to an appeal in the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council.
Her current civil claims work includes:
- Representing a vulnerable disabled child in civil proceedings for damages for assault/battery and under the Human Rights Act following abuse in a children’s home.
- Representing asylum seekers who were accommodated by the Home Office in the disused Napier army barracks who are pursuing a civil claim for damages for false imprisonment and breaches of the Human Rights Act and Equality Act.
Her regulatory work includes:
- Advising on a complex complaint to the Charity Commission concerning significant misconduct by an educational trust.
- Advising regulated professionals about disclosure of information from criminal records on Enhanced Criminal Record Certificates.
- Representing a hospital worker in an appeal to the First-tier Tribunal against a Disclosure and Barring Service decision to bar him from working with children and vulnerable adults.
- Advising a medical practitioner on the deletion of a caution from the Police National Computer.
- Jointly advising an organisation in proposed judicial review proceedings against the Financial Ombudsman Service, concerning redress for mis-selling and poor advice by independent financial advisers.
- Representing a teacher challenging a finding by a ‘Local Authority Designated Officer’ that an allegation of misconduct against him has been ‘substantiated’.
Her current work with concerning gender-based violence includes:
- Representing survivors of domestic abuse using the Victim’s Right to Review process to challenge decisions not to prosecute their abusers.
- Representing the family of a murdered young woman in an inquest into her death, and in an associated civil claim against an NHS Trust and the Ministry of Justice.
Her community care work includes:
- Representing a number of unaccompanied asylum-seeking children challenging local authority age assessments and securing accommodation and support under the Children Act 1989.
- Advising care leavers on their rights and entitlements under the Leaving Care Act.
- Judicial review proceedings challenging a local authority’s flawed Care Act assessment.
Caroline’s other experience includes:
- Jointly representing a group of EU citizens in judicial review proceedings concerning the lawfulness of the voter registration process for the 2019 European Parliament elections, including an appeal to the Court of Appeal and an application to the European Court of Human Rights.
- Jointly representing the Transnational Government of Tamil Eelam in a successful appeal to the Proscribed Organisations Appeal Commission concerning the designation of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam as a terrorist organisation.
- Representing the family of a young man who died in the care of a psychiatric hospital in inquest proceedings and in an associated civil claim for damages.
- Jointly advising a commercial organisation following regulatory action by the Education and Skills Funding Agency.
- Representing a victim of sexual assault by a medical professional, ensuring an Article 3-compliant investigation was held.
- Representing a protestor in proposed judicial review proceedings challenging the Court’s failure to adjourn his trial during the Covid-19 pandemic.
- Advisory work for industry representatives seeking to challenge the government’s Coronavirus regulations.
- Representing students in appeals to the Office of the Independent Adjudicator.
- Jointly representing a not-for-profit organisation in a challenge to a local authority’s procurement process.
- Securing significant damages for a victim of race discrimination by a well-known company in proposed proceedings under the Equality Act.
- Representing a refugee in a judicial review challenging his unlawful detention by the Home Office.